1799 - Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and novelist, born
1820 - The "Mayflower of Liberia" transports 86 free blacks to Sierra Leone, the first large resettlement of African Americans to Africa.
1867 - Robert Tanner Jackson becomes first African American to receive a degree in dentistry.
1867 - The Peabody Fund established Black education in South
1882 (or 1883) - Anne Spencer, poet, born
1898 - Melvin B. Tolson is born in Moberly, MO. He will become the Poet Laureate of Liberia.
1916 - Bill Doggett rocker
1931 - The Harlem Experimental Theater Group performs its first play in the parish house of St. Philip's Church.
1933 - Walter Fauntroy, first delegate to the U.S. Congress for District of Columbia, born
1945 - Robert Nesta Marley born
1950 - Natalie Cole born
1956 - University of Alabama refuses admission to Autherine Lucy
1957 - Robert Townsend
1961 - Civil rights activists in Rock Hill, SC begin a "jail - no bail" movement, refusing to pay fines when they are arrested. The strategy spreads throughout the South, and prisons are soon crowded with Freedom Movement protesters.
1967 - Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) TKOs Ernie Terrell in 15 in Houston for heavyweight boxing title
1988 - Rap group Public Enemy makes its chart debut with "Bring the Noise."
1993 - Arthur Ashe dies
1999 - Heavy fighting resumed along the common border between Ethiopia and Eritrea.