Wednesday, March 2

On this Day in Black History

1807 - Congress banned the slave trade, effective January 1, 1808.
1863 - Frederick Douglass writes his appeal to African Americans to join the Union army in the Civil War: "Men of Color! To Arms!"
1867 - The first Reconstruction Act is passed by Congress. The acts divided the former Confederate states into five military districts under the command of army generals.
1867 - Elections were ordered for constitutional conventions and freedmen were enfranchised. Commanders in some states changed the status of Blacks by military orders.
1888 - Savings Bank of the Grand Fountain United Order of the True Reformers (GFUOTR) opened
1901 - George Suttles born
1919 - Claude A. Barnett forms the Associated Negro Press, the first black national news service.
1921 - Harry Pace forms the first black record company, Black Swan.
1921 - Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis born
1943 - George Benson born
1955 - Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old girl, refuses to give up her seat in a segregated Montgomery, AL bus but local civil rights leaders decide she is inappropriate to use as a test case against the discriminatory system.
1956 - Morocco become Independent.
1957 - Mark Dean born
1961 - Meeting place of National Civil War Centennial Commission shifted from Charleston to Charleston Naval Station after a national controversy over segregation hotels in Charleston.
1961 - Atlanta Chamber of Commerce announced that Black and white leaders had agreed on a plan for desegregation of lunchrooms and other facilities.
1961 - Clifton R. Wharton sworn in as ambassador to Norway.
1961 - Some 180 Black students and a white minister arrested in Columbia, SC after anti-segregation march.
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain becomes the first basketball player to score 100 points in one game. Chamberlain broke several NBA records in the game.
1964 - The Civil Rights Act bans segregation and prohibits employment discrimination
1972 - Dr. Jerome H. Holland was elected to the board of directors of the New York Stock Exchange
1975 - "Bubbling Brown Sugar" opened on Broadway.
1980 - Thomas "Hit Man" Hearns won USBA Welterweight title making him the first Black to win boxing titles in five different weight divisions
1990 - Carole Anne-Marie Gist became the first Black crowned Miss USA
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