1652 - Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
1712 - Slave revolt in New York City (Nine whites were killed, 21 Blacks were executed).
1798 - Territory of Mississippi organized
1803 - François Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture died
1842 - Allen Allensworth, founder of Allensworth CA, born
1860 - W. K. Kellogg born
1862 - General US Grant defeated Confederates at Battle of Shiloh (TN)
1867 - Johnson C. Smith University founded
1872 - William Monroe Trotter, editor of The Boston Guardian, born
1891 - Phineas T. Barnum (Barnum & Bailey) died
1915 - Eleanora Fagan Gough (Billie Holiday) born
1919 - The Kansas City Call founded
1920 - Ravi Shankar born
1922 - Mongo Santamaria born
1932 - Louis "Mr Bo" Collins born
1934 - William Monroe Trotter died
1937 - Charlie Thomas born
1938 - Frederick Dewayne Hubbard born
1939 - Francis Ford Coppola born
1940 - The Booker T. Washington 10-cent postage stamp became available. He is the first African American to be honored by the U.S. Post Office.
1946 - Bill Kreutzmann born
1947 - Henry Ford died
1949 - John Oates born
1954 - Jackie Chan born
1954 - Anthony (Tony) Drew Dorsett born
1959 - "A Raisin in the Sun" received the New York Drama Critics Circle Award.
1968 - Bill Bellamy born
1969 - Ricky Watters born
1987 - Harold Washington was re-elected to a 2nd four-year term as Mayor of Chicago, IL.
1994 - Civil war erupted in Rwanda (In the months that followed, hundreds of thousands of minority Tutsi and Hutu intellectuals were slaughtered)