1789 - U.S. House of Representatives held its first full meeting in New York City. Frederick Muhlenberg was elected the first House Speaker.
1854 - Augustine Tolton, the first Roman Catholic priest whose both parents are African American, born
1862 - Susie King Taylor escaped from the plantation where she was enslaved
1867 - Blacks voted in municipal election in Tuscumbia, AL
1868 - Hampton Institute was founded by Gen. Samuel Chapman Armstrong.
1895 - Alberta Hunter born
1897 - Lucille Bogan born
1905 - The British East African Protectorate became the colony of Kenya.
1905 - Clara McBride Hale (Hale House) born
1910 - Harry Carney born
1911 - Augusta Braxton Baker born
1917 - Scott Joplin died
1921 - Sidney "Beau Jack" Walker born
1927 - The first automatic record changer was introduced by His Master's Voice.
1929 - Morehouse College, Spelman College and Atlanta University affiliated, creating a new Atlanta University.
1930 - Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, died
1938 - Eddie King born
1939 - Rudolph Isley born
1942 - Samuel R. Delany born
1946 - Arthur Conley born
1948 - Jimmy Cliff born
1949 - Gil Scott-Heron born
1949 - "Happy Pappy",the first all-black-cast variety show, premiered.
1950 - Charles R. Drew died
1951 - Oscar Micheaux died
1966 - First World Festival of Black Art held in Dakar, Senegal.
1971 - Method Man (Clifford Smith), Wu-Tang Clan, born
1972 - Albert & Allen Hughes born
1976 - Apple Computer began operations
1984 - Marvin Gaye was shot dead by his father.
1987 - President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy No. 1."
1991 - US Supreme Court ruled that jurors could not be barred from serving due to their race.
1995 - United Nations peacekeepers officially took over from the US-led multinational force in Haiti.