1653 - town council of New Amsterdam, now New York, approves the construction of a protective city wall and orders it built by slaves of the West India Company. The space is now known as Wall Street.
1767 - Andrew Jackson born
1794 - Lester Young died
1809 - Joseph Roberts, Liberia's first President, born
1843 - Richard Henry Boyd born
1869 - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
1900 - Gilberto de Mello Freyre born
1903 - Bertha "Chippie" Hill born
1903 - The British conquest of Nigeria was completed. 500,000 square miles were now controlled by the U.K.
1910 - Jimmie Crutchfield born
1910 - Nick Stewart, founded the Ebony Showcase Theater, born
1912 - Samuel "Lightnin" Hopkins born
1925 - New Everdale Baptist Church built.
1929 - Cecil Taylor born
1932 - Arif Mardin born
1933 - Los Angeles Sentinel founded by Leon H. Washington.
1933 - NAACP began a coordinated attack on segregation and discrimination, filing a suit against the University of North Carolina on behalf of Thomas Hocutt.
1933 - Spingarn Medal presented to YMCA secretary Max Yergan for his achievements as a missionary in South Africa
1938 - Emilio Cruz born
1944 - Sylvester "Sly Stone" Stewart born
1946 - Bobby Bonds born
1947 - Ensign John W. Lee becomes first African American officer commissioned in regular Navy. He was assigned to USS Kearsage.
1962 - Terence Trent D'Arby born
1965 - President Lyndon Johnson delivers a speech to a joint session of the House
Their cause must be our cause too. Because it is not just Negroes, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice.1966 - Riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles
And we shall overcome.
1968 - Life dubs Jimi Hendrix "the most spectacular guitarist in the world."
1969 - St. Clair Drake is named director of African and Afro-American Studies at Stanford University.
1975 - will.i.am (Black Eyed Peas) born
1976 - Failed coup in Nigeria
1981 - Young Buck born
1984 - Tanzania adopts constitution
1999 - Maurice Ashley, the first African-American chess player, attained the rank of International Grand Master.
2005 - Buddy Guy inducted into Rock & Roll HOF