743 - Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
1498 - Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique on his way to India.
1565 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil founded
1692 - The Salem Witch Trials in the Massachusetts colony officially began with the conviction of Rev. Samuel Parris' West Indian slave, Tituba, for witchcraft.
1739 - The British are forced to sign a peace treaty with Maroons in Jamaica.
1780 - Pennsylvania becomes the second state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only). Vermont, which had almost no slaves or African Americans, was the first.
1781 - In America, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.
1789 - Olaudah Equiano's autobiography, one of the first slave narratives, is published in London.
1841 - Blanche K. Bruce, the first black U.S. Senator to serve a full term, born
1864 - Rebecca Lee, one of the first African American physicians, graduated from the New England Female Medical College.
1867 - Howard University chartered
1871 - James M. Turner was appointed U.S. minister to Liberia, the first black diplomat sent to an African country.
1875 - Civil Rights Bill enacted by Congress. Bill gave Blacks the right to equal treatment in inns, public conveyances, theaters and other places of public amusement. (Overturned by Supreme Court 1883)
1890 - Public schools allowed Blacks to enroll in Visalia, California.
1892 - The pastry fork was invented by Ms. Anna M. Mangin
1896 - Ethiopia defeated the Italian colonial army in the Battle of Adwa
1900 - In South Africa, Ladysmith was relieved by British troops after being under siege by the Boers for more than four months.
1914 - Ralph Ellison born
1921 - Rwanda ceded to England
1927 - Harold "Harry" George Belafonte born
1933 - Hall Johnson's "Run Little Chillun", the first black folk opera by a black composer, opened
1933(?) - Myrlie Evers-Williams born
1938 - Sherman Hemsley born
1941 - FM Radio began in Nashville, TN, when station W47NV began operations.
1945 - Burning Spear born
1949 - Joe Louis retired from boxing
1960 - 1,000 Black students pray and sing the national anthem on the steps of the old Confederate Capitol in Montgomery, Alabama.
1960 - Alabama State Board of Education expelled nine Alabama State students for participating in sit-in demonstrations.
1960 - San Antonio, Texas, became first major Southern city to integrate lunch counters.
1960 - Pope John elevated Bishop Laurian Rugambwa of Tanganyika to College of Cardinals, the first Black cardinal in the modern era.
1963 - Emancipation Centennial protest began with voter registration campaign in Greenwood, MI
1963 - Carl T. Rowan named ambassador of Finland.
1963 - Air Force Captain Edward J. Dwight, Jr. named to fourth class of aerospace research pilots at Edwards Air Base and became the first Black astronaut candidate. He was dropped from the program in 1965.
1967 - U.S. House of Representatives expelled Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. by a vote of 307 to 116.
1970 - White government of Rhodesia declared independence from Britain
1971 - Defense Department limited electronic surveilance after disclosure of "civil disturbance information collection plan" which directed the gathering of information on civil rights groups.