1789 - Benjamin Banneker with Pierre L'Enfant began to lay out Washington DC
1813 - Henriette Delille born
1818 - Frankenstein (Mary Shelley) published
1874 - Charles Sumner died
1874 - Frederick Douglass named president of the failing Freedmen's Bank.
1878 - Prairie View A&M University founded
1901 - Cincinnati Enquirer reported Baltimore manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
1909 - John Burgess born
1911 - The D.C. Bar Association first admitted African-Americans to its law library.
1919 - Mercer Ellington born
1922 - Vinnette Carroll born
1926 - Ralph David Abernathy born
1931 - The Conjure Man Dies, a dramatization of Rudolph Fisher's novel (considered the first murder mystery written by an African American), opened at the Lafayette Theater
1943 - Benedita da Silva born
1948 - Reginald Weir became the first black tennis player to participate in a U.S. Indoor Lawn Tennis Association tournament.
1950 - Bobby McFerrin born
1959 - "Raisin in the Sun," first Broadway play by a Black woman, opened at Barrymore Theater with Sidney Poitier and Claudia McNeil in the starring roles.
1959 - Flip Wilson received the International Broadcasting Man of the Year Award.
1969 - Motown bought the Jackson 5 out of their contract with Steeltown
1970 - "Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In"(The Fifth Dimension) was named Record of the Year at the Grammys.
1971 - Whitney Young, president of the National Urban League, died
1991 - In South Africa a curfew was imposed on black townships after fighting between political gangs had left 49 dead.
1991 - Janet Jackson signed a deal with Virgin Records for 2 albums worth $50 million.