1629 - A Royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1794 - Eli Whitney received a patent for the cotton gin.
1838 - Blacks held a mass meeting in Philadelphia to protest the action of the Pennsylvania Reform Convention of 1837 which denied them the right to vote.
1861 - William Neil became first Black appointed to a federal position as a postal clerk
1864 - Casey Jones born
1864 - Samuel Baker discovered another source of the Nile in East Africa. He named it Lake Albert Nyanza.
1879 - Albert Einstein born
1882 - Edwin Harleston born
1883 - Karl Marx died
1917 - First training camp for "colored" officers was established by the U.S. Army in Des Moines, Iowa
1919 - Luther Henderson born
1933 - Quincy Delight Jones born
1947 - William J. Jefferson, first congressman elected from Louisiana since Charles Edmund Nash left office in 1876, born
1956 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott ended after 381 days (the boycott cost the bus company over $750,000)
1969 - The Jimi Hendrix Experience recorded a live concert for 'Fan Club', the Dutch TV show in Amsterdam, Holland.
1977 - Fannie Lou Hamer died