1865 - Columbia, SC burned
1874 - Maud Hare born
1891 - Butter Churn Invented (patent #466,470) by A. C. Richardson
1902 - Marian Anderson born
1918 - Rep. Charles A. Hayes, D-Illinois, born. In 1989, Hayes was re-elected to a fourth term in the House of Representatives
1919 - 369th Infantry march in a victory parade up New York's Fifth Avenue. They are led by James Reese Europe's "Hellfighters" band.
1936 - James Nathaniel Brown born
1938 - Mary Frances Berry, the first woman to serve as a chancellor of a major research university, born in Nashville, TN.
1941 - Wellington Webb born
1942 - Huey Newton, co-founder of Black Panther Party, born
1943 - William P. French, bibliographer and rare book dealer, born
1955 - Little Richard sent his first audition tape to Specialty Records.
1963 - Michael Jeffrey Jordon born
1964 - US Supreme Court rules - 1 man 1 vote (Westberry vs Sanders)
1967 - Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia Warriors) score the first of an NBA record 35 consecutive goals without a miss.
1967 - Ronald De Voe, born
1973 - USS Jesse L. Brown, Naval Frigate, commissioned (the ship was sold to Egypt and renamed in 1994). Ensign Jesse L. Brown was the first African American naval aviator killed in combat over Korea.
1982 - Thelonious Monk died
1989 - Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
1997 - Virginia House of Delegates votes unanimously to retire the state song, "Carry Me back to Old Virginny", a tune which glorifies slavery.
1980 - The U.S. Justice Department charges J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), with blocking prosecution of four Ku Klux Klan (KKK) members identified as responsible for the 1963 bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, AL.
1995 - Colin Ferguson was convicted of six counts of murder in the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings. He was later sentenced to a minimum of 200 years in prison.