1732 - George Washington born
1819 - Spain ceded Florida to the United States.
1832 - The Female Anti-Slavery Society of Salem is organized.
1841 - Grafton Tyler Brown born
1856 - John Edward Bruce (Bruce Grit) born
1857 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell born
1865 - Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
1881 - James Reese Europe born
1866 - J. Frank Wheaton born
1888 - Horace Pippin born
1898 - Black postmaster lynched and his wife and three daughters shot and maimed for life in Lake City, SC
1911 - Frances Ellen "Bronze Muse" Watkins Harper died. Her most popular verse collection, Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects (1854), contains the antislavery poem, "Bury Me in a Free Land."
1936 - Ernie K-Doe (Ernest Kador Jr) born
1938 - Ishmael Reed born
1950 - Julius Winfield "Dr. J" Erving born
1956 - Billboard reviews James Brown's debut record "Please, Please, Please": "A dynamic, religious fervor runs through the pleading solo here. Brown and the Famous Flames group let off plenty of steam."
1967 - Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. is denied his seat in the U.S. House of Representatives after being accused of improperly using House funds.
1976 - Florence Ballard (The Supremes) died
1979 - St Lucia gained independence
1983 - Harold Washington won Chicago's Democratic mayoral primary
1989 - DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince won the first rap Grammy for the hit single "Parents Just Don't Understand."
1994 - "Papa" John Creach died
1995 - Melvin Franklin (Temptations) died
1996 - Halle Berry filed for divorce from David Justice