1770 - Joshua Johnson born
1844 - James Edward O'Hara born
1869 - Sissieretta Jones born
1869 - 15th Amendment sent to the states for ratification.
1870 - Wyatt Outlaw, leader of the Union League in Alamance County, N.C., lynched.
1872 - Cookman Institute created
1877 - Representatives of Rutherford B. Hayes and representatives of Samuel J. Tilden held a conference in the Wormley Hotel and negotiated an agreement that paved the way for the election of Hayes as president and the withdrawal of federal troops from the South.
1900 - Wallace D. Farad born
1920 - Dr. Carter Godwin Woodson founded "Associated Publishers."
1924 - Vivian Harsh became the first black librarian in the Chicago Public Library system.
1926 - Theodore "Tiger" Flowers became the first black middleweight boxing champion of the world.
1928 - Antoine "Fats" Domino born
1930 - "The Green Pastures" opened at Mansfield Theater
1933 - Godfrey Cambridge born
1943 - Bill Duke born
1946 - Race riot in Columbia, TN; Two killed and ten wounded.
1955 - LaVern Baker appealed to Congress in a letter to Michigan Representative Charles Digges Jr. The letter requested the revision of the Copyright Act of 1909.
1958 - Anita Baker born
1964 - Cassius Clay announced his conversion to Islam and the change of his name to Muhammad Ali.
1965 - Jimmie Lee Jackson died after being shot by Alabama State Police
1966 - Andrew Brimmer was appointed the first black governor of the Federal Reserve Board by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1968 Thirty-two African nations agreed to boycott the Olympics because of the presence of South Africa.
1971 - Erykah Badu born
1985 - Chuck Berry received a Lifetime Achievement Grammy.