1429 - Joan of Arc defeated the besieging English at Orleans.
1502 - Christopher Columbus left Spain on his final trip to New World.
1750 - South Carolina Gazette reported that Caesar, a South Carolina slave, had been granted his freedom and a life time annuity in exchange for his cures for poison and rattlesnake bite.
1788 - A bill to abolish the slave trade was introduced in the British Parliament, but failed.
1800 - John Brown born
1862 - General David Hunter enlisted runaway slaves into the first African American regiment, the First South Carolina Volunteers, without official approval. He also orders all slaves freed in Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina; President Abraham Lincoln revoked the order.
1897 - Rudolph Fisher born
1899 - John Albert Burr invented the first rotary-blade lawn mower.
1911 - Robert Johnson born
1919 - James Reese Europe killed by a crazed band member
1920 - Edward H. Jones born
1925 - A Philip Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
1932 - Charles "Sonny" Liston born
1936 - Fascist Italy captured & annexed the city of Addis Abba, Ethiopia
1937 - Dave Prater (Sam & Dave) born
1939 - Ralph Boston born
1952 - Canada Lee died
1960 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for sale an oral birth-control pill for the first time.
1964 - Chuck Berry began his first ever UK tour
1977 - Mabel Murphy Smythe confirmed as ambassador to the republic of Cameroon.
1994 - Nelson Mandela was chosen to be South Africa's President
1998 - Jimmy Page performed 'Come With Me' with Diddy and on 'Saturday Night Live'
2000 - Jamal "Shyne" Barrow was hit with a $6 million civil suit charging assault by a basketball rival.