1494 - Christopher Columbus landed on Santa Gloria (Jamaica)
1813 - Soren Kierkegaard born
1818 - Karl Marx born
1821 - Napoleon Bonaparte died
1857 - The U. S. Supreme Court decided (Dred Scott) that residence in a free state did not bestow freedom upon slaves, and that slaves had no rights the government needed to respect.
1863 - Adella Hunt born
1865 - Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. born
1901 - "Blind" Willie McTell born
1916 - U.S. Marines invaded the Dominican Republic.
1917 - Eugene Jacques Bullard earned a flying certificate with the French Air Service becoming the first African-American aviator
1919 - William Stanley Braithwaite received the NAACP's Spingarn Medal.
1925 - John T. Scopes was arrested for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
1935 - Jesse Owens set the long jump record
1938 - Johnnie Taylor born
1941 - Emperor Haile Selassie returned to Addis Ababa after the defeat Italy in their attempt to invade Ethiopia.
1905 - Robert S. Abbott founded the Chicago Defender
1950 - Gwendolyn Brooks became the first African-American awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry
1961 - Alan Shepard became the first American in space
1966 - Willie Mays hit homer #512 breaking the National League record
1969 - Moneta Sleet became the first African-American photographer to receive a Pulitzer Prize.
1975 - Hank Aaron surpassed Babe Ruth's RBI mark.
1997 - Audley "Queen Mother" Moore died
2001 - Boozoo Chavis died