1813 - James McCune Smith born
1818 - Andrew Jackson defeated A regiment of Indians and Blacks at Battle of Suwanee, ending First Seminole War.
1861 - Nicholas Biddle became the first African-American in uniform to be wounded in the Civil War
1864 - First Kansas Colored Volunteers smashed through rebel lines and sustained heavy casualties in an engagement at Poison Spring, AR
1868 - Hampton University was founded
1877 - The American Nicodemus Town Company was founded
1881 - Noble Johnson born
1904 - Pigmeat Markham born
1906 - Eurreal "Little Brother" Montgomery born
1917 - Mamie Phipps Clark born
1922 - Jack Johnson patented a wrench
1923 - Yankee Stadium opened in the Bronx, NY.
1924 - Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown born
1925 - Bob Kaufman born
1934 - The first Laundromat opened in Fort Worth, TX
1934 - George Shirley born
1941 - Dr. Robert Weaver named director of Office of Production Management section charged with integrating Blacks into the National Defense Program.
1941 - Bus companies of New York City agreed to hire Black drivers and mechanics. This agreement ended a four-week boycott.
1948 - Nate Archibald born
1950 - Boston Braves baseball team integrated.
1950 - The first transatlantic jet passenger trip was completed.
1955 - Albert Einstein dies
1955 - Bill Russell named coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team becoming the first Black to coach an established team in professional athletics.
1955 - James B. Parsons named chief judge of the Federal District Court in Chicago becoming the first Black to hold that position.
1955 - Bandung Conference of leaders of Africa and Asia opened
1965 - Marian Anderson ended her 30-year singing career with a concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City.
1976 - Percy Julian died
1977 - Alex Haley was awarded Pultizer Prize for Roots
1980 - Bob Marley performed at Zimbabwe Independence Celebration
1983 - Alice Walker received the Pulitzer Prize for The Color Purple
1994 - Killing spread in Rwanda
1996 - Bernard Edwards (Chic) died