1813 - Rubber was patented by J.F. Hummel
1820 - George Vashon born
1845 - First Black Law practice opened by Macon B. Allen and Robert Morris, Jr.
1854 - Ashmun Institute was established in Oxford, PA. It will become Lincoln University.
1861 - The Maryland House of Delegates voted against seceding from Union
1862 - New Orleans fell to Union forces during the Civil War.
1870 - J. Edward Perry born
1881 - Julian Abele born
1890 - Charles P. Howard, Sr. born
1899 - Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington born
1923 - Dr. Aaron McDuffie Moore died
1931 - The first concert by the American Negro Art Theater Dance Group
1934 - Otis Rush born
1941 - The Boston Bees agreed to change their name to the Braves.
1945 - The German Army in Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.
1945 - The Nazi death camp, Dachau, was liberated.
1945 - Tammi Terrell born
1945 - Richard Wright's 'Black Boy' reached first place on the National Best Seller Book List.
1946 - Twenty-eight former Japanese leaders were indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.
1948 - Willi Smith (fashion designer) born
1961 - ABCs "Wide World of Sports" premiered.
1967 - Jimi Hendrix played two shows at Bournemouth Winter Gardens (UK) with The Walker Brothers, Engelbert Humperdink, and Cat Stevens
1968 - Poor People's Campaign began with Ralph Abernathy leading delegation of leaders to Capitol Hill
1970 - Master P born
1970 - Uma Thurman born
1970 - Andre Agassi born
1975 - The U.S. evacuated the embassy in Saigon
1981 - NY Grand Jury indicted Joseph G. Christopher on murder charges stemming from the racially motivated slayings of three Blacks
1983 - Harold Washington was sworn in as Chicago's first black mayor.
1990 - The destruction of the Berlin Wall began.
1992 - Paula Abdul married actor Emilio Estevez
1992 - LA in flames after 'not guilty' verdict
1992 - First day of LA riots, sparked by acquittal of four white cops in the beating of Rodney King
1993 - Barry White was a guest on "The Simpsons"
1998 - Brazil announced a plan to protect a large area of Amazon forest. The area was about the size of Colorado.
2001 - Arthur Walker died
2002 - Darryl Strawberry was sentenced to 18 months in prison for violating his probation
2003 - Mr. T (Laurence Tureaud) filed a lawsuit against Best Buy Co. Inc., that claimed the store did not have permission to use his likeness in a print ad.