711 - General Tarik ibn Ziyad, a Nafza Berber after whom the famed "Rock of Gibralter" (Jebel-al-Tarik) is named, took control of al Andalus (Iberian Penisula)
1619 - African slavery in North America began when 20 Black indentured servants arrived in Jamestown, VA on board a Dutch ship.
1789 - George Washington was inaugurated as the first U.S. president.
1789 - Samuel Fraunces become George Washington's steward and manager of culinary affairs at the presidential mansion.
1803 - The United States doubled in size through the Louisiana Purchase
1812 - Louisiana was admitted into the Union as a state.
1828 - Shaka, the Zulu king, was killed
1839 - Lunsford Lane made abolitionist speech to Southern Whites.
1862 - L'Union, the first Black daily newspaper in the South was published
1863 - Sarah J. S. (Tompkins) Garnet became the first African-American female principal in the New York City public school system.
1889 - George Washington's inauguration became the first U.S. national holiday.
1896 - Rev. "Blind" Gary Davis born
1898 - Cornelius Vanderbilt born
1899 - Ellis Wilson born
1900 - "The Ballad of Casey Jones" was written by Wallace Saunders
1910 - John "Homesick James" Williamson born
1926 - Bessie Coleman, the first African American woman to receive a pilot's license, died
1928 - Paul "Tank" Younger born
1931 - William Lacy Clay born
1933 - Willie Nelson born
1939 - Jesse E. Moorland died
1945 - Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his bunker.
1952 - Dr. Louis T. Wright was honored by the American Cancer Society for his publications on chemotherapy
1961 - lsiah Lord Thomas III born
1967 - Muhammad Ali was stripped of his world heavyweight boxing championship when he refused to be inducted into the U.S. military service.
1975 - Saigon surrenders
1983 - Robert C. Maynard became the first African American to gain a controlling interest in a major metropolitan newspaper, the Oakland Tribune
1992 - The final episode of "The Cosby Show" aired