1469 - Niccoló Machiavelli born
1802 - Washington, DC was incorporated
1825 - Laura Matilda Towne born
1845 - Macon B. Allen passed bar examination, becoming the first Black lawyer admitted to the Massachusetts Bar
1855 - Josephine Allensworth born
1898 - Septima P. Clark born
1903 - Bing Crosby born
1907 - Leonard Lionel Cornelius Canegata (Canada Lee) born
1920 - John Lewis born
1920 - Sugar Ray Robinson (Walker Smith, Jr.) born
1926 - Jimmy Cleveland born
1933 - James Brown born
1937 - Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With The Wind"
1946 - Greg Gumble born
1948 - Supreme Court ruled (Shelley v. Kraemer) that federal and state courts could not enforce restrictive covenants which barred persons from owning or occupying property because of their race.
1963 - Birmingham police, under supervision of Eugene "Bull" Connor, use dogs and fire hoses to stop black children protesting for civil rights
1964 - Frederick O'Neal became the first African-American president of the Actors' Guild
1967 - Black students seized finance building at Northwestern University and demanded Black-oriented curriculum and campus reforms.
1971 - National Public Radio broadcast for the first time.
1977 - A bust of Henry O. Flipper was dedicated at West Point on the centennial of his graduation.
1991 - The final episode of "Dallas" aired on CBS.
1995 - The Neville Brothers, the Dixie Cups, Allen Toussaint, and Professor Longhair were inducted into the New Orleans Musical Walk of Fame.
2000 - DMX (real name: Earl Simmons) was sentenced to 15 days in jail and a $350 fine, court after turning himself in to police on an outstanding arrest warrant issued after the rapper skipped an earlier court date while out on the Ruff Ryders/Cash Money tour. Simmons plead guilty to charges of drug possession, driving without a license, and outstanding parking tickets.