31 B.C. - Octavian (Augustus Caesar) defeated the alliance of Mark Antony and Cleopatra to become the first Roman emperor.
1766 - James Forten (one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society) born
1789 - The Treasury Department, headed by Alexander Hamilton, was created
1833 - Oberlin College founded
1864 - William Tecumseh Sherman occupied Atlanta
1884 - John Parker patented the "Parker Pulverizer" (Patent #304,552)
1896 - Amanda Randolph born
1896 - Edith Wilson born
1901 - Adolph Rupp born
1901 - Vice President Theodore Roosevelt made his "Speak softly and carry a big stick" speech at the Minnesota State Fair.
1902 - Rex Goreleigh born
1912 - Romare Bearden born
1921 - Ozzie Williams born
1928 - Horace Silver born
1943 - The Liberty Ship Frederick Douglass was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic by Germany
1945 - Ho Chi Minh proclaims himself president & declared the independence the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1945 - Japanese surrendered on V-J Day, ending World War II.
1953 - John Zorn born
1956 - Tennessee National Guard were sent to Clinton, TN to quell mobs demonstrating against school integration.
1958 - Frederick M. Jones patented a control device for Internal Combustion Engine
1960 - Wilma Rudolph became the first American woman to win three gold medals at the Olympic Games.
1963 - Gov. George Wallace assigned state troopers to prevent the integration of Tuskegee High School
1966 - Frank Robinson voted Most Valuable Player in the American League.
1966 - Salma Hayek born
1969 - K-Ci (Jodeci) born
1969 - NBC-TV canceled "Star Trek"
1969 - Ho Chi Minh died
1975 - Joseph W. Hatchett became the Florida's first African-American Supreme Court justice since Reconstruction.
1983 - Arthur Huff Fauset (author of Black Gods of the Metropolis) died