1519 - Ferdinand Magellan left Spain to find a route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.
1664 - Maryland enacted first anti-amalgamation law to prevent widespread intermarriage of English women and Black men. Other colonies passed similar laws.
1830 - First National Black convention met at Philadelphia's Mother Bethel AME church and elected Richard Allen president.
1837 - Theodore S. Wright denounces colonization at the New York State Anti-Slavery convention.
1847 - William A. Leidesdorf elected to San Francisco town council receiving the third highest vote.
1850 - The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia
1866 - Fisk Jubilee Singers founded
1890(?) - Jelly Roll Morton (Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe) born (this date is questionable)
1915 - Hughie Lee Smith born
1934 - Sophia Loren born
1954 - Stravinsky debuted "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas"
1958 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was stabbed by Isola Curry while autographing copies of his book, "Stride Toward Freedom".
1960 - Chubby Checker's "Twist" became the #1 pop single
1962 - Governor Barnett personally denied James H. Meredith admission to the University of Mississippi.
1984 - The Cosby Show premiered on NBC.
1984 - Emory A Tate, Jr. won the 25th Annual Armed Forces Chess Championship Tournament.
1987 - Alfre Woodard won an Emmy for outstanding guest performance in the dramatic series L.A. Law.
1989 - F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as president of South Africa