1789 - James P. Beckwourth born
1814 - Francis Scott Key wrote the lyrics to the "Star-Spangled Banner."
1849 - Ivan Pavlov born
1874 - White Democrats seize the Louisiana statehouse in a white supremacy coup. President Ulysses S. Grant ordered the rebels to cease, but not before eleven African-Americans are murdered.
1891 - John Adams Hyman, the first black Congressperson from North Carolina, died
1921 - Constance Baker Motley (first Black woman appointed federal judge) born
1928 - Dunbar Hotel opened
1940 - North Carolina College Law School opened with seven students as North Carolina's second Black law school
1940 - President Franklin D Roosevelt signed Selective Service Act which allowed Blacks to enter all branches of the US Military Service
1945 - Freda Payne born
1953 - Chicago Cubs baseball team integrated for the first time
1960 - The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) founded.
1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson awarded the Medal of Freedom to Leontyne Price and A. Philip Randolph.
1967 - James Clifford Sanders III born
1973 - Nas born
1975 - Pope Paul VI declared Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton the first U.S.-born saint.
1985 - The MTV Awards were held for the first time
1998 - Johnny Adams died