1588 - The Spanish Armada, which attempted to invade England, is destroyed by a British fleet.
1789 - James Fenimore Cooper born
1791 - Jonathan Edwards, Jr. (1745-1801) preached a strong anti-slavery sermon before "the Connecticut Society for the Promotion of Freedom and for the Relief of Persons
1821 - Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador proclaimed independence.
1829 - Slavery is abolished in Mexico.
1830 - First National Negro Convention held
1852 - Jan Earnest Matzeliger born
1852 - Edward Bouchet born
1857 - William H. Taft born
1876 - White terrorists attacked Republicans in Ellenton, South Carolina.
1883 - The University of Texas at Austin opened
1889 - Claude McKay born
1890 - Agatha Christie born
1898 - National Afro-American Council founded
1902 - James Theodore Ward born
1903 - Roy Acuff born
1907 - Fay Wray born
1921 - Snooky Pryor born
1923 - Governor said Oklahoma was in a "state of Virtual rebellion and insurrection" because of KKK activities. Martial Law was declared.
1924 - Robert "Bobby" Short born
1928 - Julian "Cannonball" Adderley born
1935 - The Reich under Adolf Hitler adopted the swastika as the national flag.
1940 - Anne Moody born
1943 - Stephen Burrows born
1945 - Jessye Norman born
1946 - Oliver Stone born
1946 - Tommy Lee Jones born
1949 - "The Lone Ranger" premiered on ABC
1963 - The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, AL was bombed by white supremacists. Four African-American girls (Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Wesley) were murdered.
1964 - Rev. K.L. Buford and Dr. Stanley Smith were elected to Tuskegee City Council and became first Black elected officials in Alabama of the 20th century.
1965 - "Lost in Space" & "Green Acres" premiered on CBS-TV.
1971 - Greenpeace founded
1978 - Muhammad Ali defeated Leon Spinks to win his 3rd World Heavyweight Boxing title.
1982 - The first issue of "USA Today" was published.
1987 - Thomas "Hit Man" Hearns became the first Black man to win boxing titles in five different weight classes,
1990 - Bruce Hornsby began filling in on keyboard for The Grateful Dead following the death of Brent Mydland.
1998 - Coolio was arrested on suspicion of carrying a concealed weapon and possessing marijuana.
2004 - Johnny Ramone died