1861 - Delegates from seceded states adopt a provisional Confederate Constitution.
1865 - Martin R. Delany is commissioned a Major, becoming the highest-ranking African American in the U. S. Army.
1871 - Justina Ford, Colorado's first Black licensed female physician, born
1882 - Joseph C. Price founds Livingstone College in North Carolina.
1894 - Congress repeals the Enforcement Act, making it easier for the South to disfranchise freedpeople.
1898 - "Grandfather Clause" enacted
1908 - Cornelius Adolphus Scott, newspaper pioneer, born
1915 - "Birth of a Nation" opens at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles CA
1924 - Joe Black, first African-American pitching winner in the World Series, born
1924 - Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, an Oklahoma lawyer, administrator and activist, born
1925 - Marcus Garvey is sent to federal prison in Atlanta, convicted of mail fraud
1940 - Talib Rasul Hakim, composer, born
1940 - Lodz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland
1944 - Henry S. McAlpin of the "Atlanta Daily World" was the first black reporter admitted to a White House press conference.
1948 - Ron Tyson (The Temptations) born
1958 - Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
1968 - Gary Coleman born
1968 - Samuel Hammond, Delano Middleton, and Henry Ezekiel Smith were killed and 27 injured in a confrontation with highway patrolmen in Orangeburg, SC, during a civil rights protest against a whites-only bowling alley.
1970 - Alonzo Mourning (Miami Heat, Charlotte Hornets, Toronto Raptors) born
1974 - CBS aired the first episode of "Good Times."
1975 - Top Hits:
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar broke Wilt Chamberlain's record of 12,681 goals. He scored 15,836 goals before retiring in 1989.
1986 - Debi Thomas is the first African American to win the women's singles U.S. National Figure Skating championship.
1986 - 5' 7" Spud Webb of Atlanta Hawks wins NBA Slam Dunk Competition
1986 - Oprah Winfrey becomes the first African American woman to host a nationally syndicated talk show
1993 - The Associated Press reports that black farmers receive an average of $21,000 less than white borrowers from the Farmers Home Administration loan program.
1996 - Charles Barkley became the 22nd player in NBA history to reach 20,000 points.
1996 - Mercer Ellington died
2004 - Beyoncé won five Grammy Awards, tying the record for female performers held by Lauryn Hill, Alicia Keys and, Norah Jones.