1692 - Five women and a clergyman were convicted of witchcraft & executed in Salem, MA
1791 - Benjamin Banneker sent a copy of his new almanac to Thomas Jefferson, the US Secretary of State.
1814 - Mary Ellen "Mammy" Pleasant born
1826 - Mansfield Tyler born
1848 - The discovery of gold in California was reported by the New York Herald
1884 - M.C. Harvey received a U.S. patent for a lantern.
1919 - Malcolm Forbes born
1921 - Gene Roddenberry born
1924 - William Marshall born
1926 - Theodore "Tiger" Flowers became the first African-American to win the world's middleweight boxing title
1929 - "Amos and Andy," the radio comedy program, debuted on NBC starring Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll.
1934 - Adolf Hitler was approved for sole executive power in Germany as Fuehrer.
1936 - Frederico García Lorca was shot by Franco's troops after being forced to dig his own grave.
1940 - Johnny Nash born
1940 - Henry Hampton born
1946 - Major General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. born
1946 - President William Jefferson Clinton born
1950 - Edith Sampson became the first African-American appointed as a US delegate to the UN.
1951 - Sheila Evans-Tranumn born
1954 - Dr. Ralph Bunche named undersecretary of the United Nations.
1958 - NAACP Youth Council began series of sit-ins at lunch counters in Oklahoma City.
1970 - Fat Joe born
1977 - The Rev. Joseph Lowery named president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
1989 - Archbishop Desmond Tutu defied apartheid laws by walking alone on a South African beach.
1989 - Lil' Romeo born
1991 - Gavin Cato was killed in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, NY, inciting a confrontation between area blacks and Jews.
2001 - Betty Everett was found dead