Tuesday, August 23

On this Day in Black History

1755 - Jean-Baptiste Lislet-Geoffroy born.
1775 - King George III of England refused the American colonies' offer of peace and declared them in open rebellion.
1786 - Jean-Baptiste Lislet-Geoffrey became the first Black correspondent of the French Academy of Sciences.
1791 - International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition
1826 - John Brown Russwurm received his baccalaureate degree Bowdoin College - becoming what is believed to be the first Black college graduate
1826 - Edward A. Jones received B.A. degree from Amherst College.
1853 - James Francis Shober born
1861 - James Stone, a light skinned fugitive slave passing for white, enlisted in the First Fight Artillery of Ohio - becoming what is believed to be the first Black soldier of the Civil War. His racial identity would not be known until his death nearly a year later.
1892 - O.E. Brown received a U.S. patent for a horseshoe.
1900 - National Negro Business League was organized. Booker T. Washington was elected president.
1904 - Undine Smith Moore born
1908 - Martha M. Franklin led 52 other nurses to form the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, to improve the status of African-American nurses
1917 - Race riot between soldiers of 24th Infantry Regiment and white citizens in Houston. Two Blacks and eleven whites killed. Martial law declared.
1924 - Wynona Carr born
1926 - Carter Woodson, the second Black to receive a Ph.D from Harvard, inaugurated Negro History Week
1954 - Philip Emeagwali born
1966 - The Beatles' movie "Help!" premiered in the U.S.
1967 - Cedella Marley born
1989 - Yusuf Hawkins was murdered by a white mob in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, NY.
1993 - The first memorial to African-American soldiers (United States Colored Troops - USCT) in a national park was dedicated at the Civil War battlefield in Petersburg, VA
1998 - Michael Jones, a 16-year old boy, was shot when he refused to drop a water gun that appeared real to police officers.
2004 - The public dedication of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center (NURFC) took place.
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