1791 - Benjamin Banneker issued his first annual almanac
1791 - Slaves of Haiti, led by enslaved Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolted to establish the first independent nation in the Western Hemisphere
1843 - A national convention of black men was held in Buffalo, NY. Henry Highland Garnett called for a slave revolt and general strike across America.
1844 - A mass meeting of blacks in Boston adopted a resolution declaring that segregated public schools in that city violated the State Constitution. Their request was denied.
1862 - Claude Debussy born
1867 - Fisk Free Colored School (started in October 1865) was incorporated as Fisk University
1880 - George Herriman born
1885 - John Artemus born
1895 - Fort Valley State University was incorporated
1904 - Deng Xiaoping born
1910 - Addie "Sweet Pea" Spivey born
1917 - John Lee Hooker born
1920 - Ray Bradbury born
1921 - Nellie Monk born
1934 - Diana Sands born
1950 - Althea Gibson became the first black tennis player to be accepted into a national competition.
1951 - 75,052 people watched the Harlem Globetrotters perform. It was the largest crowd to see a basketball game.
1958 - Vernon Reid (Living Colour) born
1964 - Benjamin Jefferson "Ben" Davis, Jr. died
1970 - Derek and the Dominoes began work on their first and only studio album, "Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs"
1972 - Rhodesia was asked to withdraw from the 20th Olympic Summer Games, due to its racial policies
1978 - Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's president & founding father, died
1989 - Huey P. Newton was shot and killed