1533 - The Inca chief Atahualpa was executed by orders of Francisco Pizarro
1632 - John Locke (An Essay Concerning Human Understanding) born
1778 - The First Rhode Island defeated three assaults by British troops at the battle of Rhode Island (Newport).
1793 - Slavery was abolished in Santo Domingo.
1809 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. born
1817 - The Philanthropist, the first abolitionist newspaper, was published by Charles Osborn
1894 - E. Franklin Frazier born
1910 - Vivien Theodore Thomas born
1915 - Ingrid Bergman born
1917 - Isabelle Sanford born
1920 - Charlie Parker born
1924 - Dinah Washington (Ruth Lee Jones) born
1957 - Senator Strom Thurmond (South Carolina) set a filibuster record in the U.S. when he spoke for 24 hours and 18 minutes.
1957 - Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first federal civil rights legislation since 1875.
1958 - Michael Jackson born
1962 - Mal Goode became the first African-American television news commentator when he began broadcasting on ABC.
1969 - Me'Shell NdegeOcello born
1970 - One policeman killed and six wounded in confrontations between police and Black Panther activists
1971 - Hank Aaron became the first baseball player in the National League to hit 100 or more runs in each of 11 seasons.
1977 - Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals surpassed Ty Cobb's stolen base tally of 892.
1979 - The first completely Black-owned radio network - "Mutual Black Network" - was purchased by Sheridan Broadcasting Corp.
1995 - Selma Burke died
1997 - Loud Records regional marketing and promotions director, Jessiah "Milk" Styles
reported that he was beaten by a group of individuals associated with rap group Wu-Tang Clan.
1998 - Detroit area police officials called for a ban on rap concerts following a series of fights at a weekend "No Limit" show headlined by Master P and Scarface.
2002 - Cam'ron (Cameron Giles) was arrested after his vehicle made an illegal lane switch without signaling. Inside the car, officers discover a loaded .22 caliber pistol, a small amount of marijuana, and a forged New York City Fire Department parking permit.