1789 - Thomas Garrett born
1831 - Nat Turner and seventy slaves began a three-day slave rebellion in Southampton County, VA
1863 - William Quantrill led Confederate raiders on a strike in Lawrence, KS
1904 - William James "Count" Basie born
1912 - Arthur R. Eldred became the first American boy to become an Eagle Scout.
1927 - Fourth Pan-African Congress met in New York City
1928 - Art Farmer born
1932 - Melvin Van Peebles born
1933 - Clifford L. Alexander, Jr. born
1936 - Wilt Chamberlain born
1938 - Fats Waller recorded "Ain't Misbehavin'"(links to iTunes)
1943 - Harriet M. West was the first Black woman Major in the Women's Army Corps (WAC).
1944 - The US Army started the ÂRed Ball Express"
1959 - Hawaii became the 50th state.
1982 - Calvin Simmons, conductor of the Oakland Symphony Orchestra, died
2001 - Robert Tools, the first man to have a self contained artificial heart implanted spoke for the first time on national television.
2003 - Gyude Bryant was selected to oversee the two-year power-sharing accord between Liberia's rebels and the government. The accord was planned to guide the country out of 14 years of civil war.
2003 - Wesley Willis died