0079 - Mount Vesuvius erupted killing approximately 20,000 people. & burying the cities of Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum in volcanic ash.
0410 - The Visigoths overran Rome. This event symbolized the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible was completed.
1759 - William Wilberforce born
1810 - Reverend Theodore Parker born
1814 - British troops under General Robert Ross captured Washington, D.C., which they set on fire in retaliation for the American burning of the parliament building in York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada.
1854 - National Emigration Convention met in Cleveland; William C. Munroe of Michigan was elected president
1854 - John V. De Grasse became the first African-American member of the Massachusetts Medical Society.
1867 - Fayetteville State University founded
1891 - Thomas Edison filed a patent for the motion picture camera.
1901 - Oliver Cromwell Cox born
1905 - Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup born
1919 - Harold Delaney born
1932 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the U.S. non-stop
1936 - Dolores Spikes born
1937 - Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola born
1942 - Joe Chambers (The Chambers Brothers) born
1948 - Jean-Michel Jarre born
1949 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) went into effect
1950 - Judge Edith Sampson was named the first Black representative in the U.S. delegation to the United Nations.
1963 - Stevie Wonder became the first artist ever to score a US No.1 album (Little Stevie Wonder / The 12 Year Old Genius) and single ("Fingertips, part 2") in the same week. This was also the first ever live recording to make No.1.
1965 - Reggie Miller born
1973 - David Chappelle born
1978 - Jomandi Productions founded
1981 - Mark David Chapman sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for the murder of John Lennon
1985 - 27 anti-apartheid leaders were arrested in South Africa as racial violence rocked the country
1987 - Bayard Rustin died
1998 - Charles C. Diggs, Jr. died
2004 - Brock Peters died