30 B.C. - Cleopatra committed suicide.
1645 - American Indians and the Dutch made a peace treaty at New Amsterdam.
1682 - William Penn sailed from England
1797 - Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley born
1800 - The 40,000 slave revolt planned by Gabriel Prosser to attack Richmond, VA was delayed by a storm & betrayed by a slave.
1838 - The first African-American magazine, Mirror of Freedom(?), began publication
1843 - Blacks participated in a national political convention for the first time at Liberty Party National Convention
1852 - Henrietta Ray born
1854 - John C. Fremont issued proclamation (Fremont Proclamation) freeing slaves of Missouri rebels.
1856 - More than 300 pro-slavery activists attack John Brown's settlement in Osawatomie, KS.
1870 - Robert Abbott born
1881 - W.S. Campbell patented self-setting animal trap
1893 - Huey P. Long born
1901 - Roy Wilkins born
1904 - CPT. Michael Augustine Healy (model for Jack London's novel The Sea Wolf) died
1931 - Carrie Saxon Perry born. In 1987 she will become the first African-American woman to serve as mayor of a major New England city (Hartford, CT) .
1943 - Robert Crumb born
1944 - The American Negro Theater's Anna Lucasta opened on Broadway.
1953 - Robin Harris born
1965 - Thurgood Marshall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a Supreme Court justice becoming the first black justice to sit on the Supreme Court.
1966 Constance Baker Motley confirmed as U.S. district judge and became the first Black woman on the federal bench.
1966 - Michael Michele born
1972 - Cameron Diaz born
1983 - Lt. Col. Guion S. Bluford, Jr. became the first black astronaut in space as a member of the crew of the "Challenger"
1993 - On CBS-TV "The Late Show with David Letterman" premiered.
2002 - Alfred ÂPepsiÂ Bethel died